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lokia biogas site
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Biogas Technology has been proven in developing countries especially that are in Asian and African region in terms of addressing the needs for cooking at domestic level in rural communities. In Fiji, the technology was introduced in the last ten years by expatriate Mr. Herbert Raedler working for the Agro-forestry department. Later, the Department of Agriculture and Energy installed a number of digesters for dairy and piggery farmers at the central, northern and western divisions. The technology contributes to economic and sustainable development.

Biogas project is part of the Renewable Energy Programme under taken by the Department of Energy. The program will assist our economy in the production of methane gas as cooking fuel to most rural dwellers. At the same time, our reliance in the purchase of LPGas will be reduced. In 2004 the government spend $14 million in the purchase of LPG(cooking) and the amount has been increasing ever since.

Within the past few years, the Department of Energy and Agriculture have been involved in a number of installations mainly at the Central Division. Due to improper structures, time allocation and commitment to the program, only few projects have been successful. In addition there were inadequate assessment reports on our biogas potential resources available.

In 2006 the Department of Energy has embarked on a program aimed at mobilizing the biogas technology in rural areas in Fiji. Biogas is produced through fermentation of organic matter and comprises of a combination of methane and carbon dioxide which makes an exceptional good cooking fuel.

Biogas programme will contribute to energy and food security, waste management, reduction in deforestation and more importantly improve the health of women in rural areas. Another advantage is that women can engage themselves in other household economic activities, since they wouldn’t walk to long distance for firewood. 

Apart from biogas as a good cooking fuel, the plant also produces Bioslurry which is used as fertilizer for farmers. Biogas digesters also reduce greenhouse gases and will be eligible for the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects. This will enable Fiji to participate in the international carbon market and sell Certified Emissions Reductions (CERs).

Project Sites

The total numbers of biogas plants currently working are:

  • Waidalice, Tailevu
  • Waila, Naitasiri
  • Benau, Savusavu

Strengthening the Biogas Programme

Last year the Department of Energy, recruited a Biogas Expert from AGAMA Energy, a South Africa consulting firm to assist in the implementation of the technology in Fiji. His work includes theory training, compilation of assessment reports of the Biogas Programme and also develops appropriate frameworks for implementation for local use. The consultant has also given us a biogas digester model that can work for dairy or piggery farms and also at individual houses where sewerage waste with food waste are used to produce cooking gas.

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